Book Review: Be Vigilant on Possible Danger in Peacetime 居安思危 - CCP 中國共產黨 on Collapse of USSR

Updated: Sep 1

The 100th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party (7.23, 1921-7.23, 2021)


祝賀中國共產黨建黨一百周年(於1921 年 7 月 23 日上海法租界, 由陳獨秀, 李大釗,毛澤東, 周恩來, 等人創辦以及港區國安法實施一周年 (6.30, 2021)

FILE PHOTO:  A Special Design Image for the Review of Be Vigilant on Possible Danger in Peace Time. ©Envato / Herb Ritts
FILE PHOTO: A Special Design Image for the Review of Be Vigilant on Possible Danger in Peacetime. ©Envato / Herb Ritts

Author: Shenming, Li and Zhihua, Chen

Chinese: 居安思危:苏共亡党二十年的思考 / 居安思危:蘇共亡黨二十年的思考

English: Be Vigilant on Possible Danger in Peace Time - 20 Years' Reflections on Soviet Communist Party's Decline [sic]

ISBN: 9787509720028

Publisher: Social Sciences Academic Press (CHINA) (Mainland China, March 1, 2011)


Videos:

https://www.bilibili.com/video/BV1CV411673U/


The direct cause of the collapse of USSR was kleptocracy. It was technically terminated by kleptocrats from the inside of the communist party in December 1991. Kleptocrats in the communist party camouflaged the process of stealing public properties as a ''reform'' or ''collapse'' in order to legitimise their theft. Furthermore, kleptocracy is broadly witnessed in neoliberal privatisation and colour revolutions in both right wing nationalist countries and targeted left wing countries. For instance, privatisation of British Telecom and British Gas in the 1980s (Also see the looting of the state treasury for personal enrichment in South Africa). Thus, kleptocracy itself has nothing to do with Marxism. In fact, it is the opposite of it.

中國共產黨(世界最大執政黨:該黨黨員總數目前為9514.8萬人)對蘇聯瓦解的原因精確地下結論了。那就是如今所謂竊盜統治。簡言之,蘇共內部的竊盜統治份子在政治技術層面終結了蘇共及蘇聯(1991年12月)。甚至,黨內盜賊勢力將他們與外部勢力攜手並肩盜竊公有財產,化公為私的過程包裝成‘改革’或‘解體’的,其實是如此被合法化了的一場打劫。此外,竊盜統治的問題廣泛地在新自由主義的私有化或顏色革命進行的右派和左派政權的國家內目擊的 (如1980年代的英國電信集團和British Gas plc之私有化),因此‘化公為私’跟馬克思主義純然都是兩碼事,甚至實際上正相反的。

In 2011, Chinese Communist Party (a.k.a. 中國共產黨 / Communist Party of China / CCP / CPC ; 1921-) officially concluded that the collapse of Soviet Union was due to internal causes of Communist Party of the Soviet Union (a.k.a. 蘇聯共產黨 / the Soviet Communist Party / CPSU ; 1883 or 1903 or 1912 - 1991). In other words, the Soviet Union was deliberately terminated by kleptocrats. (Chapter 1)


各種不同的研究觀點都在試圖向世人解釋‘蘇聯解體’的原因: ‘經濟沒有搞好說’, ‘斯大林主義模式僵化說’, ‘民族矛盾決定說’,‘軍備競賽拖垮說’,‘戈氏叛徒葬送說’,‘外部因素決定說’等等。我們看見不同的人得出不同甚至完全相反的結論。但其中最根本的原因是什麼呢?
毛澤東同志告訴我們:任何過程如果有多數矛盾存在的話,其中必定有一種是主要的,起著領導的,決定性的作用
鄧小平同志在其1992年那個著名的南方談話中明確指出:要出問題,還是出在共產黨內部
1991年12月,江澤民同志指出:蘇聯東歐的變化,並不是科學社會主義的失敗,而是放棄社會主義道路的結果
2000年12月,胡錦濤同志也指出:蘇聯解體原因是多方面的,其中很重要的一條,就是從赫魯曉夫丟掉斯大林這把刀子,到戈爾巴喬夫公開背叛馬克思列寧主義。(1)

Chinese communist leaders already knew the answer perfectly as cited above. It's too obvious to see who actually prohibited the communist party and ordered to disintegrate the party in 1991. They were Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin. Their deliberate actions themselves were main and direct causes of the collapse. Listed 'factors' are to distract people's attentions from their actions and responsibilities.


CCP's point of view is highly technical and consciously practical. In fact, they recognised correctness of Leon Trotsky's prediction on the possibility of restoration of capitalism under bureaucratic dictatorship yet they also pointed out that Stalin's practical objection to market economy (e.g. Stalin completely eliminated unemployment in Soviet Union in 1932; he simply did not restore capitalism even though he had the absolute power to do it) indicated Stalin and so called ''Stalinists'' were not two-faced-capitalist reactionaries as ''Trotskyists'' wrongly depicted. Therefore, it's not Stalin or Stalinists who ended the Soviet Union. In reality, the terminators of USSR were neither Stalinists nor Trotskyists. This dialectic view is critically different from the traditional leftists.

Simultaneously, this book embodies CCP's political stance itself. For instance, the fatal sectarian division between Stalin and Trotsky has no longer been their dogmatic limitation on holistic learning of the 20th century socialist experiments at least since 2011. It's quite helpful for CCP and Marxists of today in order to avoid the same mistakes committed by their leading figures of the political faith.


Sectarianism divides activists in practice. And then it causes individualist conflicts for seeking hegemony in the field / market. Instead, holistically learning pros and cons of all leading figures of socialism is more valuable and constructive for them. CCP already chose the latter correctly.


Although both ''communist'' and anti-communist'' ideologues listed many ''causes'' of the collapse of the Soviet Union, those were surrounding factors, atmosphere or aftermath of actions of kleptocrats. For instance, economic malfunctions, separatist movements, imperialist regime change attempts, and military competitions etc.. However they just only listed them randomly, and no one could logically explain the cause and the effect in context.